How to Present Montessori Sandpaper Numbers?

sandpaper numbers

In the Montessori classroom, children are introduced to numbers using physical objects that the child can touch. By touching these objects, the child forms concrete images of each number. The child then uses these images to develop more abstract conceptions of quantity and number.

On the other hand, Montessori sandpaper numbers are used by educators to help children develop an understanding of numbers and their related concepts such as counting, quantity, and number recognition. These cards are used with Montessori Jewel Boxes to present many properties in a quick and efficient way.

Using this math material, I will show you how the children can learn to recognize and name numbers from 1 to 10, represented by objects. You will learn how to get the most out of these materials and will be able to develop your own practical and creative sandpaper project.

How do Montessori Sandpaper Numbers work?

sandpaper numbers

Montessori Sandpaper Numbers are great for teaching children number recognition, number sequences, and number words. The Montessori Sandpaper Numbers come in 10 different colors, each identified by its unique color. Using sandpaper, you can teach your child how to recognize numbers and how they relate to one another by using the numbers 1 to 10.

The main benefit of using sandpaper numbers is that it allows your child to experience each digit in a unique way. Each child uses their tactile sense of touch to feel the rough sandpaper on each board and trace the numbers. The child will have to slide the pieces with his fingertips and feel the shape between his fingertips and the smooth board represented by the numbers. The child will get good practice in fine motor skills as he traces the form of each number.

 A two-dimensional image such as a picture or drawing doesn’t provide this level of depth, making it less memorable for young learners. With the sandpaper method, there’s always something new happening—it never gets boring!


1. Learning to recognize numbers and the number words represented.

2. Developing an understanding of how numbers relate to one another.

3. Developing an understanding of quantity and counting by ones.

4. Developing hand-eye coordination practiced during the tracing process.

5. Developing fine motor skills as the child feels each number.


  • Sand Tray
  • Sandpaper Letter
  • Montessori Sandpaper Cutouts
  • Clear Transparent Tape
  • Montessori Jewel Box
  • Space for active movement.


1. Choose sandpaper with a very fine grade.

2. Cut out the sandpaper piece corresponding to the number you would like to teach your child.

3. Arrange them in an interesting way.

4. Put the numbers on the floor and invite your child to drag the numbers around.

5. Have fun!

Montessori Sandpaper Numbers Demonstration

sandpaper numbers demonstration

The Sandpaper Numbers are taught as a 3-period lesson. The following demonstration shows how you can prepare these concepts using these materials.

1. Presentation

During the presentation, the educator explains to the children the name and color of each number. The children can feel and see each number as they play with it. The educator may also demonstrate how each number is represented on the sandpaper. This helps the children to understand how they might be defined differently in a picture or a drawing.

2. How to use them

The children will be able to touch and trace each number on the sandpaper numbers. The educator will allow the children to play with the sandpaper during this time. The children will have the opportunity to use their fine motor skills and practice counting as they touch each number on the sandpaper number.

3. Practice

The children will be given time to practice using the sandpaper number set at their own pace. The educator will arrange the sandpaper numbers in different ways during this time, increasing the level of challenge. The children will have the opportunity to use their fine motor skills and practice counting as they touch each number on the sandpaper number.

Montessori Sandpaper Numbers Expansions

There are various ways to expand your use of Montessori Sandpaper Numbers. Children can learn the following concepts using Sandpaper Numbers:

1. Number Games

number games

Using the Montessori Sandpaper Numbers, you can play a number game with your child. Children can practice naming numbers and properly counting words as they play this game. Ask your child to tell you the number he is touching and then show him how to calculate in English “one, two, three, four, etc.”

To play this game, a child doesn’t have to be able to count. The material does the work for him! He sees and feels the numbers, which makes it easier for him to name them. 

Here are some games you can play with your child:

Hide and Seek

Set up the sandpaper set up in a way that your child will be able to find them. Then hide some numbers behind objects and other hiding places in the classroom. Ask your child to find the missing numbers. You may need to put some numbers in other classroom areas, such as under tables or shelves. The point is, they should have to look hard to find all of them and eventually get them all back! 

Number Matching

You can use the sandpaper number set to show your child how to match the numbers in order. You can do this by having your child name the numbers on top of one card and then telling him how many numbers are on another card. Then ask him to find the number that is on both cards. This helps with remembering which ones belong together and encourages counting by ones.


You can play with your child and create groups of numbers that are alike. For example, you and your child can spread the sandpaper numbers on the floor and arrange them into groups of 2’s, 5’s, 8’s, and so on. The children will have the opportunity to use their fine motor skills as they group the sets of numbers.

2. Sequencing

sandpaper numbers

Have your child place the sandpaper numbers in numerical order. Using the Montessori Sandpaper Numbers, the child will understand the sequence of numbers, making it easier for him to learn to count.

3. Tracing Numbers

Have your child trace the number he is touching. This will help him learn how to write the number and recognize it when he sees it in print. Ask the child to point to the number he is tracing and say the corresponding number word.

4. Building Numbers

Have your child build up the numbers. This will help him recognize numbers and how to use counting words by building them with blocks and other materials.

5. Singing and Rhythm

singing and rhythm

Have your child sing the songs or sing them together. Rhyme helps children learn. Singing is one of the best ways to learn numbers. Children love to sing and have fun while learning the order of numbers! Practice counting up to ten by singing and clapping the sequence.

Final Thoughts

Montessori sandpaper number set is a great material to use in the classroom. It helps children learn simple mathematics and language skills.

 You can use many other materials to work on numbers with your child. Montessori Academy is here to help you find the best materials for your child.

Educators who teach the Montessori System of Education have adapted these materials to meet the needs of pre-school children. Using these materials as a teaching guide may help your child become more independent as they learn and plays on their own.

We are proud to be a provider of this educational material and hope you will find it enjoyable. If you have any questions or comments, we would love to hear from you.


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