10 Fun Montessori Activities and Games to Promote One to One Correspondence

one to one correspondence

Children learn to crawl, walk, and talk in the first year of life. At this stage, they also learn about their environment and how it impacts them. They begin to understand that things have names and learn language through repetition. The one to one correspondence helps them with this process by giving them hands-on experiences with objects and helping them put names on those objects. This gives them an advantage when learning new words because they can associate their name with the thing they’ve seen before.

Montessori activities involving one to one correspondence help children progress through the concrete to abstract developmental stages and learn to see similarities between objects, actions, and symbols. As a parent or teacher, you can help children by presenting them with various materials and engaging in fun games reinforcing this concept.

What is One to One Correspondence?

One to One Correspondence is the Montessori method of teaching young children that each object in the world has its own name. The child is taught to associate a word with an object or action and then practice using this word to label what they see. This helps them learn how language works and gives them confidence in using words to communicate.

This concept can be confusing if you first hear about a child’s language development. Once you understand how it can be applied in early childhood education, it becomes clearer.

The basic idea behind this method is that a child naturally wants to learn and understand new vocabulary. If you can give them a visual representation of a word, it will be easier for them to know it. In one to one correspondence, they learn how words are connected with objects and actions through visual representation.

How Important is One to One Correspondence?

one to one correspondence

One to one correspondence is an essential skill for preschoolers to develop at a young age. It enhances their cognitive function and helps in their mathematical development. Aside from that, there are many reasons why your child needs to learn one to one correspondence from an early age. These include:

1. Establishing numerical patterns: 

Number recognition and understanding are crucial for learning math. As a result, a child can count, add, subtract, multiply and divide. They are also able to comprehend algebra and geometry. Therefore, each child must know the concept of numbers.

2. Developing an understanding of quantity:

Developing an understanding of quantity is crucial to a child’s development. During this time, children begin to understand how much of something there is and how many things there are in a set.

This helps them to determine the difference between an empty container and a filled one. It also helps them to compare a small set with a larger one, such as the number of toys they have at home compared to the number they have at a friend’s house.

3. Improving counting and sequencing skills:

Counting and sequencing require a number of cognitive skills that are developed through play. One to one correspondence helps children develop these skills by refining their ability to count objects and sequence actions. This is important for young children’s education because most first graders’ curriculum revolves around math, reading, and writing.

4. Learning to identify numbers and their values:

Learning from a young age that numbers have value vital because it sets up an understanding of mathematics that will help them for years to come. Your child will be able to identify numbers by sight, sound, and feel, which will allow them to make connections between different parts of math later on in life.

5. Enhancing problem-solving abilities:

One to one correspondences also help enhance a child’s problem-solving abilities. This is because it allows them to express their ideas about certain objects and actions through visual representation. This helps them identify the similarities between different situations, which can be useful when faced with new problems in school.

What Age Group is One to one Correspondence Suitable for?

age group for one-to-one correspondence

One to one correspondence is suitable for children from an early age.

The program’s structure is designed to be easy for young children to understand and use. The lessons are short, with clear instructions and instructions on how to complete the activity. The activities are designed to be completed by any child without assistance from a parent or teacher. They encourage open-ended play and allow children to explore their environment freely.

The activities incorporate the five senses so children can learn through all of their feelings, not just one or two. Children can also be left to complete the activities with minimal supervision by a parent or teacher.

10 Engaging One to One Correspondence Activities & Games for Kids

Kids will have so much fun with these activities and games they’ll be begging for more!

1. Name That Object

name that object

One way to help children learn one to one correspondence is by having them create a visual representation of the word they are trying to learn. This means you can use objects that have already been identified, such as pencils, blocks, wooden toys, and other household items.

This is good practice for young children, but you must select objects that are the right size. When the things are too large or too small, it will be difficult for them to create a visual representation.

2. Stick Matching Game

Stick matching is an age-appropriate activity that helps children develop their understanding of numbers and numbers’ relationships with objects. As a parent or teacher, you can create a matching game for your child by writing numbers on colorful wooden sticks.

You can arrange them in pairs on a table or floor and ask your child to match the sticks together. This introduces the concept of logical ordering and will help them learn to identify numbers one through ten in a fun and easy way.

3. Counting Bears

counting bears

Counting Bears is a fun way to help your child develop their number sense.

This game is excellent for children who are new to one to one correspondence. You can print out the counting bears template and create ten bears in different colors. Then, ask your child to match up the bears according to their colors or their numbers.

If you want to make it more challenging, ask them to match the bears based on color and number.

4. Number Toss Activity

This simple activity teaches your child the concept of one to one correspondence. Load your child with as many objects as their arms can hold and have them take turns holding each object in their hands.

Ask them to show you the objects they are holding, and ask if they can toss each one up in the air. This helps them develop their number sense by counting how many things they have at any given time.

5. Dominoes


If you like a little more challenge when it comes to one to one correspondence, then the dominoes activity is perfect.

Print out the numbers on pieces of paper and encourage your child to color them according to their number. They can then take turns being the one who rolls and stacks the dominoes onto a smaller number on which they have already marked their corresponding number.

6. Pattern Building

This is a fun activity to help your child develop their understanding of numbers. Ask them to take turns stacking objects on top of one another, and then ask them to build a pattern with the numbers they have picked.

If you are using this activity at home, you can use items already around your home, such as blocks, figurines, and pieces of paper. If you want to make it more challenging for your child, you can organize the objects into different shapes or multiple layers.

7. Sorting Objects by Number

sorting objects by number

One-to-one correspondence is very important when it comes to the organization and structure of mathematical work. This means that you can use one to one correspondence to help your child understand organization and structure using real-world objects.

For example, you can have your child sort various objects into different groupings according to their numbers. You can also make it more challenging for your child by having them sort the items based on both number and color.

8. Shape Matching Game

Shape matching is a fun activity to engage in if you are teaching your child about the basics of shapes and their relationships with one another.

Ask your child to take turns picking different objects, such as wooden shapes and figurines, and then have them match each form according to its type.

You can make this more challenging by having them match the shapes based on their numbers. This will help them develop their understanding of how objects relate to one another in various ways.

9. Flashcard Games

Flashcards are an excellent tool for children who are new to one-to-one correspondence. You can print out the flashcards and have your child take turns matching them based on their colors. Or, if you want to challenge your child a little more, have them match up the objects according to their numbers.

10. Pretend to Play using Playdough

play using playdough

Playdough is a fun and useful tool for children new to one-to-one correspondence. This is because it allows you to engage in an imaginative activity where your child can pretend to play with real objects.

You can use different colors of Playdough to engage in a matching activity with your child. Ask them which objects belong to which colors and if they can use their matching skills to make the colors look more like the items used in real life.


Engaging in these activities with your child will help them develop their understanding of one-to-one correspondence. This is a vital skill for later building a sense of math, so make sure you utilize the activities as much as possible to ensure your child gains the right foundations.

Are you looking for a trusted and reliable child-centered learning environment? Where will your child have fun while they learn? Well, Montessori Academy is perfect for you and your child.

We are a Montessori school that uses an innovative educational concept that challenges children to reach their fullest potential, which is why we are known for our approach to learning.

Our innovative educational program, designed to meet all children’s needs, allows them to achieve their full potential while they grow and develop as individuals. 

To learn more about our programs, contact us today!


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